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What to see and visit in the Province of Jaén?
The Province of Jaén
Jaen It is a beautiful province of Andalusia, although it is one of the least known. In its entirety the province of
Jaén only has 628,000 inhabitants, it is one of the most unpopulated and with an area of 13,498 km2.
The reason why it has been the province least visited by tourists for years is because of the poor state of its roads and how badly communicated it is. But since the highway was inaugurated and the roads were repaired, there are more and more visitors, both Spanish and foreign, who are interested in the attractions of this province. One of the largest rivers in Spain, the Guadalquivir, crosses the land of Jaén adding an attraction to this fertile land.
The Sierras de Cazorla and the Sierra del Segura are visited by tourists from all over the world, attracted by their Natural Parks, which are bursting with beauty, with their fauna and flora so characteristic of this area. The Province has 4 large Natural Parks and Reserves.
The northern part of the Province of Jaén has the largest extensions of olive groves in all of Spain. Of course, olive oil production is the foundation of your economy. The olives are hand-picked and their olive oil has D.O.(Appellation of origin) Sierra del Segura and DOSierra Mágina. This oil has a special aroma, according to experts, it is the best oil in the world.
The Province of Jaén was occupiedfor the Romans, while the period of Roman occupation in Spain lasted. After them came the Visigoths, then the Muslims in the 8th century. Until finally, it was conquered by the Christians. The influence of Jaén was on the rise and in the 16th century, the cities of Baez and Úbeda were at the head of the most important cities in southern Spain. These two cities still retain the reminiscences of those cultures, in their Historic Neighborhoods.
Festivities in JaénThe parties of Holy Week They are famous and people from all parts of Spain go to see the processions. Another important festival is San antonio In January, when its people dance, sing and eat around a bonfire, in February they celebrate the carnivals.In June, the festivities of Corpus Christi and in May the May Crosses. The latter is a very beautiful festival, which consists of making crosses with flowers and decorating the streets, squares, private patios with flower altars and these crosses are made to commemorate Santa Cruz, to celebrate the Corpus Christi Festival.
The City of Jaén
With only 116,012 inhabitants, Jaén is the least populated provincial capital in all of Andalusia. Old neighborhood, the vestiges of what must have been a spectacular city are preserved and seen. It contains the largest collection of Iberian objects in the world. In 1970, a unique collection of sculptures dating from around 500 BC was discovered, which are now proudly displayed in their Municipal Museum of Jaén.He Castle of Santa Catalina, built during the Muslim occupation, it presides over the city from above. The Jaen University It is one of the oldest in Spain. Jaén does not have an airport, the closest one is Granada at 99. Km. Market day is Tuesday.
History of Jaén
The name of Jaen, comes from Arabic and means caravan stop. Indeed, for Muslims, Jaén was a must stop when they moved their armies from one place to another, during that period of Muslim occupation in Spain.
Things to visit in Jaén capital
- Provincial Museum of Fine Arts: The Museum of Fine Arts houses the largest collection of Iberian objects in the world.
- Arch of San Lorenzo:The only thing that remains of this medieval Church of San Lorenzo is this Gothic-Mudejar style arch, which has recently been declared a National Monument.
- Castle of Santa Catalina: Moorish castle that was restored during the Renaissance period.
- Cathedral: construction during the 16th to the 18th century.
- Chapel of San Andrés: chapel built in the 16th century. This chapel is dedicated to the cult of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception.
- Magdalena Church: Church built in the 16th century.
- Santa Clara Monastery: 12th century monastery, it still has a monastic life today. It has a nice cloister. The Church is only open to visitors during mass hours.
- Villadompardo Palace: palace built in the 16th century. It is currently the headquarters of Popular Museum of Arts and Customs.
- Arab baths: located in the narrow streets of the Old Town, specifically in the basement of the Villadompardo Palace, these baths date back to the 11th century and belonged to King Ali, who ruled in Jaén.
- Royal Monastery of Santo Domingo: Formerly the headquarters of the University of Jaén. This impressive Monastery is located in the Magdalena neighborhood.
What to eat in Jaén
How can one suppose the most important ingredient in the gastronomy of Jaén is he olive oil, which is used generously in all dishes. The "Ajimoje" is a local dish based on olive oil, vinegar, potatoes and red pepper, which is spread over slices of fresh and crunchy bread. It's delicious! Another typical dish is the "pipirrana", a kind of thick gazpacho made with tomatoes and finely cut peppers, breadcrumbs, oil, vinegar, which is added an egg yolk. Game dishes are very typical, because hunting is a very widespread sport in this province, whether grilled, stewed or roasted. Also the meat of rabbit, pork, lamb, veal. The fruits are very good, especially the peaches from Alcaudete, what they are famous throughout Spain, for their aroma, like their melons Grañera and its figs Quesada.See Andalusian Cooking Recipes
Where to eat in Jaén
- Restaurants in Jaén: Casa Antonio, traditional and creative cuisine; The Abbey Grill, cuisine of traditional dishes, made with its regional products; Vicente House, traditional and creative cuisine; Mesones 14, typical Andalusian cuisine.
- Tapas bars in Jaén: Meson Río Chico and Bar Nuevo, both located on the pedestrian street of CalleNueva; The Sparrow located near the Cathedral; The Pilar delArrabalejo: located in c / Millán de Priego.
- Restaurants in the Province: Juanito: one of the most visited classic Spanish restaurants, see its description in the Visited and Commented Spanish Restaurant Guide
Hotels in Jaen
- Parador de Jaén **** located in the impressive Castillo de Santa Catalina;
- InfantaCristina **** comfortable hotel with large rooms.
Hotels in the Province of Jaén: Nature lovers should read our page on Parador de Cazorla. Tourists who are looking rather for rustic hotels, look at La Farraga Mill, also in Cazorla. There is another Hotel Parador in Úbeda. We also want to mention Hotel Puerta de la Luna in Baeza, located in a 17th century Palace.
Places of interest in the province of Jaén
- Baeza(click here for more information) See also photos of Baeza.
- Ubeda (click here for more information) See also photos of Ubeda.
- Natural Park of the Sierra de Cazorla. It is a beautiful Natural Park declared a Special Bird Protection Zone. In it there is an ecosystem, which conditions its flora and fauna. Sierra del Segura National Park It is within the Cazorla alnorte and represents 68.5% of its total extension. In them there is a very important flora and fauna. It is full of lizards, fallow deer, deer, mouflon, mountain goats. Birds such as: Egyptian vultures, griffon vultures, golden eagle, retriever, common falcon, eagle owl and small birds such as: nightingales, blackbirds, kingfishers ...
Regions into which the Province of Jaén is divided
- Alto Guadalquivir: It is located in the southeast of the province of Jaén, around the Guadalquivir river. Most of the area belongs to the Sierra de Cazorla. Troutfish are usually fished.
- Sierra Magina: located south of the province of Jaén, most of this region has been declared a Protected Natural Reserve. Some of the highest mountains are in this region. Almost the entire region is dedicated to the cultivation of olive trees.
- La Loma and Las Villas: It is a mountainous area to the north and plains to the south. The cities of Úbeda and Baeza are both located in this region.
- The County: mountains covered with trees in the north of the province. It has good hunting grounds.
- North: As its name indicates, it is a region located to the north of the Province. The most important cities in this region are Linares and Bailén.
- The Countryside: This region is located in the plain and from where most of the olive production comes from, along with other types of irrigated and dry crops.In the regions of the mountains the highest peaks are found in Jabalcuz, la Grana, Grajales, LosPropios and the hill of LaPandera. Small game abounds.
- Jaén: olive fields, agriculture and wood industry. Plains in the center and to the north, it is more mountainous in the south.
- Sierra Sur: it is the southernmost region and borders Córdoba and Granada.
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|Places to visit near Jaén: Guide of the Region of Andalusia | Guide of Almería | Granada Guide | Cordoba Guide | Guide of Malaga | Murcia Guide | Alicante Guide | Ubeda | Baeza|